United Kingdom

Community Interest Company Limited by Guarantee Legal Requirement

Businesses in the United Kingdom are able to meet the Legal Requirement for B Corp certification by adding the following language into the Articles of Associations:

1. The objects of the Company are:

1.1 to carry on activities which benefit the community and in particular (without limitation) to [ ]; and

1.2 through its business and operations, to have a material positive impact on society and the environment, taken as a whole.

2. A Director must act in the way he or she considers, in good faith, most likely to promote the success of the Company in achieving the objects set out in paragraph (1) above, and in doing so shall have regard (amongst other matters) to:

2.1 the likely consequences of any decision in the long term,

2.2 the interests of the Company's employees,

2.3 the need to foster the Company's business relationships with suppliers, customers and others,

2.4 the impact of the Company's operations on the community and the environment,

2.5 the desirability of the Company maintaining a reputation for high standards of business conduct, and

2.6 the need to act fairly as between members of the Company, (together, the matters referred to above shall be defined for the purposes of this Article as the "Stakeholder Interests").

3. Subject to the requirement to carry on activities which benefit the community under Article [ ] and the Regulations, for the purposes of a Director’s duty to act in the way he or she considers, in good faith, most likely to promote the success of the Company a Director shall not be required to regard the benefit of any particular Stakeholder Interests or group of stakeholder Interests as more important than any other.

4. Nothing in this Article express or implied, is intended to or shall create or grant any right or any cause of action to, by or for any person (other than the Company).

5. The Directors of the Company shall, for each financial year of the Company, prepare and circulate to its members an impact report. The impact report shall contain a balanced and comprehensive analysis of the impact the Company's business has had, in a manner proportionate to the size and complexity of the business. The impact report shall contain such detail as is necessary to enable the members to have an understanding of the way in which the Company has promoted its success for the benefit of its members as a whole and, through its business and operations, sought to have a material positive impact on society and the environment, taken as a whole. If the Company is also required to prepare a strategic report under the Companies Act 2006, the Company may choose to publish the impact report as part of its strategic report and in accordance with the requirements applying to the strategic report.

Companies and other business forms wishing to become a B Corp in the UK will need to have or adopt governing documents which include a commitment to a ‘triple bottom line’ approach to business. In practice, for a typical business, this is likely to mean having an objects clause which states that it exists to promote the success of the business for the benefit of its shareholders but also to have a material positive impact on society and the environment.

The governing documents of B Corps will also need to state that the board members of the company need to consider a range of ‘stakeholder interests’ – including shareholders, employees, suppliers, society and the environment – when making decisions and, critically, that shareholder value is not the supreme consideration but is one factor amongst the many stakeholder interests which board members need to take into account when running the business.

For companies looking to certify as a B Corp in the UK, we have a step by step guide for amending your constitutional documents to include the B Corp legal language (the “Legal Test”).

Companies eligible for certification if it can demonstrate the following:

  • It generates the majority of its revenue from trading

  • It competes in a competitive marketplace

  • It is NOT a charity

  • It is NOT a public body or otherwise majority owned by the state

If you have any questions about how the legal requirement for B Corp Certification applies to companies in the UK, please contact us at hello@bcorporation.uk.


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